The Egyptian Torah

Why did the ancient Israelites lie about ancient Egypt?

By Dr. Ashraf Ezzat

James Henry Breasted

We prefer to define ourselves in terms of where we are going, not where we come from. Man is so much smarter now than he was before that anything from the past is outdated and irrelevant to us. Our ignorance of the past is not due to a lack of information, but of indifference. We do not believe that history matters.
The concept of history plays a fundamental role in human thought. It raises the possibility of “learning from history” And it suggests the possibility of better understanding ourselves in the present, by understanding the forces, choices, changes and circumstances that brought us to our current situation. It is therefore unsurprising that historians and philosophers have sometimes turned their attention to efforts to examine history itself and the nature of historical knowledge. These reflections can be grouped together into a body of work called “philosophy of history”
The American historian, archeologist and Egyptologist, James Henry Breasted (1865-1935) is one of those historians who examined history and did not merely stop at the dates and names of predecessors and their recorded events in the remote past but he worked his intellectual chisels way beyond the surfacing appearances and embarked on a deeper journey into the enshrouded historical truth which took him to the then still mystified world of ancient Egypt where he came to discover for the whole world that this where human conscience first emerged in the history of mankind.

Dawn of conscience

In his masterpiece book “Dawn of conscience” Breasted wrote “Like most lads among my boyhood associates I learned the Ten Commandments. I was taught to reverence them because I was assured that they came down from the skies in the hands of Moses, and that obedience to them was therefore sacredly incumbent upon me. I remember that whenever I fibbed I found consolation in the fact that there was no commandment, “Thou shalt not lie”.  and that the Decalogue forbade lying only as a “false witness” giving testimony before the courts where it might damage one’s neighbour.

In later years when I was much older, I began to be troubled by the fact that a code of morals which did not forbid lying seemed imperfect; but it was a long time before I raised the interesting question: How has my own realization of this imperfectation arisen? Where did I myself get the moral yardstick which I discovered this shortcoming in the Decalogue? When that experience began, it was a dark day for my inherited respect for the theological dogma of “revelation.” I had more disquieting experiences before me, when as a young orientalist I found that the Egyptians had possessed a standard of morals far superior to that of the Decalogue over a thousand years before the Decalogue was written”

The After-Life

In a book of instructions, Amenemhat, an Egyptian king, advised his son, Sesostris, to attain the highest qualities, because upon his death he will see his whole lifetime in a single instant and his performance on earth will be reviewed and evaluated, by the judges. In recent years, numerous books addressed the near-death experiences of many people. In this phenomenon, it is reported that seeing the person’s whole life span in an instant, is a recurrent theme for all persons with near-death experiences. Death is not the end, but rather it is a transitional state. Such an experience matches exactly the Egyptians’ belief in the afterlife process, which starts with the Day of Judgment where the life of the person is evaluated.

Judgment day

This detail scene, from the Papyrus of Hunefer (ca. 1375 B.C.), shows Hunefer’s heart being weighed on the scale of Maat against the feather of truth, by the jackal-headed Anubis. The Ibis-headed Thoth, scribe of the gods, records the result. If his heart is lighter than the feather, Hunefer is allowed to pass into the afterlife. If not, he is eaten by the waiting chimeric devouring creature Ammut composed of the deadly crocodile, lion, and hippopotamus.

Ancient Egyptians were the first to believe in a day of judgment. According to the recorded rituals, the spirit of the deceased denied committing each sin/fault before its assigned judge, by reciting the forty-two negative confessions (analogous to the famed Ten Commandments). A lot of historians and Egyptologists believe that the Ten Commandments were transcribed by the Israelites from These Egyptian negative confessions, a frequent ritual recited in the funerary texts across The Book of the Coming Forth by Day (commonly and mistakenly known as The Book of the Dead.)

In the judgment of the dead the heart, as a metaphor for conscience, is weighed against the feather of truth, to determine the fate of the deceased. The seated God of afterlife —Ausar (Osiris)—presides in the Hall of Justice. The jury consists of 42 judges/jurors. Each judge has a specific jurisdiction over a specific sin or fault; each wears a feather of truth on his/her head. The assigned juror/judge will declare his/her acceptance of the deceased following his reading of the 42 negative confessions by declaring Maa-Kheru (True of Voice/Action).
Tehuti (Thoth), scribe of the neteru (gods), records the verdict, as Anbu (Anubis) weighs the heart against the feather of truth. The outcome is either:
If the pans are not balanced, this means that this person lived simply as matter. As a result, Amam (Ammit) would eat this heart. Amam is a protean crossbreed. The unperfected soul will be reborn again (reincarnated) in a new physical vehicle (body), in order to provide the soul an opportunity for further development on earth.

This cycle of life/death/renewal continues until the soul is perfected, by fulfilling the 42 Negative Confessions, during his life on earth. This if you have not noticed is reincarnation.
If the two pans are perfectly balanced, Ausar/Osiris gives favorable judgment, and gives his final Maa-Kheru (True of Voice). The perfected soul will go through the process of transformation and the subsequent rebirth. The outcome of his/her evaluation will determine which heavenly level (2-6) a person reaches.
By maintaining the conditions of the physical vehicle, the body mummifeid, the soul was able to continue its existence in the unknown world of the Duat. As a result, the soul was eventually capable of working towards its own resurrection, and thence, excluding the necessity of another physical reincarnation. The perfected soul will go through the process of transformation, and as the Egyptian writing describes it, “becomes a star (goes to Heaven) and joins the company of Ra, and sails with him across the sky in his boat of millions of years”.

“Though thou goest, thou comest again.
though thou sleepest, thou wakest again
though thou diest, thou livest again”
verses from the Egyptian funerary texts

The “negative confessions”
from the Papyrus of Ani

The Declaration of Innocence from the Book of the Dead
Translated by E.A. Wallis Budge
c.1240 BCE
Hail, Usekh-nemmt, who comest forth from Anu, I have not committed sin.
Hail, Hept-khet, who comest forth from Kher-aha, I have not committed robbery with violence.
Hail, Fenti, who comest forth from Khemenu, I have not stolen.
Hail, Am-khaibit, who comest forth from Qernet, I have not slain men and women.
Hail, Neha-her, who comest forth from Rasta, I have not stolen grain.
Hail, Ruruti, who comest forth from heaven, I have not purloined offerings.
Hail, Arfi-em-khet, who comest forth from Suat, I have not stolen the property of God.
Hail, Neba, who comest and goest, I have not uttered lies.
Hail, Set-qesu, who comest forth from Hensu, I have not carried away food.
Hail, Utu-nesert, who comest forth from Het-ka-Ptah, I have not uttered curses.
Hail, Qerrti, who comest forth from Amentet, I have not committed adultery, I have not lain with men.
Hail, Her-f-ha-f, who comest forth from thy cavern, I have made none to weep.
Hail, Basti, who comest forth from Bast, I have not eaten the heart.
Hail, Ta-retiu, who comest forth from the night, I have not attacked any man.
Hail, Unem-snef, who comest forth from the execution chamber, I am not a man of deceit.
Hail, Unem-besek, who comest forth from Mabit, I have not stolen cultivated land.
Hail, Neb-Maat, who comest forth from Maati, I have not been an eavesdropper.
Hail, Tenemiu, who comest forth from Bast, I have not slandered [no man].
Hail, Sertiu, who comest forth from Anu, I have not been angry without just cause.
Hail, Tutu, who comest forth from Ati, I have not debauched the wife of any man.
Hail, Uamenti, who comest forth from the Khebt chamber, I have not debauched the wife of [any] man.
Hail, Maa-antuf, who comest forth from Per-Menu, I have not polluted myself.
Hail, Her-uru, who comest forth from Nehatu, I have terrorized none.
Hail, Khemiu, who comest forth from Kaui, I have not transgressed [the law].
Hail, Shet-kheru, who comest forth from Urit, I have not been wroth.
Hail, Nekhenu, who comest forth from Heqat, I have not shut my ears to the words of truth.
Hail, Kenemti, who comest forth from Kenmet, I have not blasphemed.
Hail, An-hetep-f, who comest forth from Sau, I am not a man of violence.
Hail, Sera-kheru, who comest forth from Unaset, I have not been a stirrer up of strife.
Hail, Neb-heru, who comest forth from Netchfet, I have not acted with undue haste.
Hail, Sekhriu, who comest forth from Uten, I have not pried into matters.
Hail, Neb-abui, who comest forth from Sauti, I have not multiplied my words in speaking.
Hail, Nefer-Tem, who comest forth from Het-ka-Ptah, I have wronged none, I have done no evil.
Hail, Tem-Sepu, who comest forth from Tetu, I have not worked witchcraft against the king.
Hail, Ari-em-ab-f, who comest forth from Tebu, I have never stopped [the flow of] water.
Hail, Ahi, who comest forth from Nu, I have never raised my voice.
Hail, Uatch-rekhit, who comest forth from Sau, I have not cursed God.
Hail, Neheb-ka, who comest forth from thy cavern, I have not acted with arrogance.
Hail, Neheb-nefert, who comest forth from thy cavern, I have not stolen the bread of the gods.
Hail, Tcheser-tep, who comest forth from the shrine, I have not carried away the khenfu cakes from the Spirits of the dead.
Hail, An-af, who comest forth from Maati, I have not snatched away the bread of the child, nor treated with contempt the god of my city.
Hail, Hetch-abhu, who comest forth from Ta-she, I have not slain the cattle belonging to the god.


Breasted concluded in his book “It is now quite evident that the ripe social and moral development of mankind in the Nile Valley, which is three thousand years older than that of the Hebrews, contributed essentially to the formation of the literature which we call the Old Testament. Our moral heritage therefore derives from a wider human past enormously older than the Hebrews, and it has come to us rather through the Hebrews rather than from them”

But then, why ancient Egypt was portrayed in the israelite holy scriptures as the land of idolatry, falsehood and bondage while history is telling us a different and truer narrative. And if modern history and archeology have refuted the inaccurate Israelite narrative about Egypt, including the exodus, what does that say about the accuracy of the overall narrative of the Old Testament? Why did we follow the alleged Israelite Exodus out of such a refined and morally elevated civilization?
Even more, why the Hebrew scribes were adamant on tarnishing the image of ancient Egypt with myths of enslavement, tyranny and deserved annhilation by plagues.

Why the ancient Israelites lied about ancient Egypt?

Ancient Egypt, the land where man first learned to discern between right and wrong, where the God of truth resided and where uttering lies was conceived as a grave sin.

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44 thoughts on “The Egyptian Torah

    • And to you enslvement and torture are morally accepted …
      The Biblical narrative of ancient Egypt is not only highly immoral but untrue, on the other hand, what the Israelites did, tampering with history, copycating some of the Egyptian religious hymns and turning myths into sories to be reiterated over the years and held as true is what i call … immoral.


    • exactly may the african-egyptian (the kamau) ancestors (the sheps) bless you they who said clearly said. we come from where Hapi begins in the mountain of the moon ….(mt Kilamanjaro” in Uganda, central Africa) clearly not from asia or europe or outer space!!!!


    • Not true. Jews had reached the 49th level of impurity due to their being in Egypt and surrounded by its immoral filth. Go to for more info.


  1. Thank you for this wonderfully clear explication of humanity’s oldest known secret. Perhaps it can be the beginning of the unraveling of the chains that bind us all to the tyranny of men who pretend to be holy.


  2. Apparently, the Egyptians were meticulous record keepers. There is no record of any expulsion of any people from Egypt except the Hyksos and that was because they were thieves and caused much trouble in Egypt. But they were not slaves. Perhaps the ‘hebrews’ stole that story too.

    There was no exodus, no wandering in the desert, no parting the red sea and logically following, no promised land either. There was no grand kingdom of David or Solomon. They were simply tribal warlords. Their mythical god yahweh was simply a tribal war god. One of the recommended books here on this site, “The Bible Unearthed” will verify all that too.

    The Old Testament is not history. It’s myth, folklore, fabrication, falsehood, fiction and lie, combined with just a small smattering of history. But at least one good thing came out of that lie and that is this marvelous article which gives us a glimpse of the true history of that area. Indeed the Egyptians were remarkable people.


  3. Please keep up your posts! The sleeping giant is waking and the more real history we can pump ourselves with the better we will deal with humanities only true enemies. Everyone knows “something” is wrong, very wrong but most are so filled with religious tripe and master misdirectors siren songs that most are spinning their wheels in dog-ma and hysterical accounts of history whose loose ends must be tied up with belief in miracles from on high rather than discernment of what was possible and probable given the times.


  4. Thank you for the nice words.

    If we really seek to untangle the web of contradictions and duplicity we’re currently enduring, we must re-examine the ancient Israelites’ stories. This is the root of it all. And this is where we should start exploring.

    PS, for anyone who liked this post i think reading my article ” Debunking the Israelite myth: Ancient Egypt knew no pharaohs” will be of interest.


  5. The great ancient Egyptians were direct blood line relatives of the ET race that were in Ancient Egypt during their glory days of the past. The Ancient Pyramids are a monument and place of cosmic origin. In the future, it will be proven to be a storage site of cosmic Knowledge.
    I have had a wish since my very early childhood to view the vast history of this very great nation on earth.
    At age 76, my time is now running out.
    I am now very poor due to my knowledge of many secrets of my life at the Cape Canaveral and Kennedy Space Center years, 1958 to 1992.
    Please open my website at:
    Please open my 5 book chapters and allow yourself the learning of the great Cosmic Universe we live within.
    Thank you.
    Clark C. McClelland, NASA US Navy ScO, Space Shuttle Fleet, Cape Canaveral and the Kennedy Space Center Florida.


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  8. This was a good read. Funny how I never thought of the omission of not lying in the ten commandments but always knew lying was bad. Well, I think there are a lot more secrets that will astound us about good ol’ Egypt. Mostly what you get with written history or government in general is lies, deceit and betrayal. It could be on paper or carved in stone it all adds up to lies, deceit and betrayal. Hey, does anyone know what this ‘negative confession’ means? ‘ I have not multiplied my words in speaking.’


    • What omission? “Thou shall not bring false witness against thy neighbor” In effect has the same meaning as “Thou shall not lie”. Isn’t it quite possible that the ancient Egyptians received the “42 negative confessions” from the same Godly source? And that those given to the Israelite, are just a consolidated version of the most important of the 42, since many of the 42 are repetitive or have the same meaning? And all are bound within the precepts of the “Ten Commandments?”


  9. We’ve developed a few more over time – Thou shalt not park in a clearway, grow illegal vegetation, forage for food, lend money without interest…the good kind.

    Not sure about negative confessions, but I’d like to know if anyone had a right to claim uncultivated land…suggests a “use it or lose it” approach to land ownership.


  10. I haf pdf books if interested ,hyksos history ,expulsion,invasion,talmud /dillings,the curse of cannan,the sumerian swindle,others “faem” website of out of print and not in libraries books is a belly gut site go there.haf babylonian woe,judaism splained,/dillings,barbarians at the gates,ww2 history the real thing,gut by


  11. Is if this blog or any of its contributors have any idea what the historical truth is. It’s all 100% POV. As for the Bible story, you can take it or leave it, together with the 6 days of creation. It’s ridiculous to incite passion 3,500 years later and accuse people of being liers. As we all probably know, the Pharaohs were not particularly nice people, so the description is probably not far from the truth. And if the blogger here has better knowledge as to where the Israelites came from, we’d all love to hear it.


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  13. thank you Dr. Ashraf Ezzat,
    i was very much impressed by your article ”Debunking the Israelite myth: Ancient Egypt knew no pharaohs”. please give us more of your articles on ancient egypt. i was born in egypt … is it possible to contact you by personal email? salamaat and thank you again.


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  15. Truly Doctor you take poetic license yourself………….open your heart and know that God’s Word was to come out in many ages and cultures.


  16. The very similar subjects are touched extensively by Sigmund Freud in his last work “Monotheism”(1937). In that Book Freud references many times the James H. Breasted’s book Dawn of conscience. Great works by two great Scientists!


  17. Thank you for this very interesting and clarifying posting … living in Egypt since a couple of years has rosen up several questions about the roots of our three religions and made me being confused because there are so many inconsistences from the historical aspects.


  18. Spirtual laws are not the invention of the jews. Judaism teaches that adam himself and Noah his descendent received the 7 Noachide laws. Mankind has always instinctively understood the basics of right and wrong


  19. Wondering if you are aware of Sitchin Zecharia, and the claims he has made in his books about early history, the creation of man, etc. (He follows translations of original sumerian texts) Is his theory accepted by Dr. Ezzat? Do you agree w/ what Zecharia Sitchin has written so extensively about (and of course his claims about who ‘actually’ built the pyramids, and so on?


    • Sitchin Zecharia, I’ve been often asked what I thought of his thesis. Well, and one more time, I don’t buy any of the man’s premises. Sitchin is a pseudo-scientist who peddles historical fiction. But unfortuantely, fairy tales sell, as history has definitely shown us.


      • I appreciate your comment, and thank you for replying. It is indeed of great wonder that Ancient Egypt was way more developed and civilized than we might think, especially when refering to the code of laws which bear much resemblance to the so-called 10 commandments, and of course precede them. Allow me to make aware to you the book of Jonathan Gray writing specifically about this topic. You can read it here:


  20. “Man is so much smarter now than he was before”
    wrong &/or misleading.
    can eg look at brain capacity/size etc( from biologically perspective)
    Acces to more data ammased, acces to abstract facts/”facts & constant comercial infomercials;NOT imply cleverer.
    Ethically emotionaly & empathy may have been reduced (eg stats on last 40yr empathy show reduction)
    good luck


    • No one needs to be jealous of Jews or any people. The 42 negative confessions have been around long before there was a Jew. There is nothing hilarious about the truth except those who can’t handle the truth.


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